5.2 Brazil

Brazil announced its One Computer per Student (Um Computador por Aluno or UCA) project in 2005. The project is coordinated by the President’s office and implemented by the Ministry of Education. It has also been integrated into the country’s educational development program.

The UCA project is being implemented in several phases, of which the first two have been completed. In the first phase, three types of LCCDs—Intel Classmates, Mobilis Encores and OLPC XOs— were donated by vendors and tested in five different elementary schools (see figure below). The federal and local governments covered other costs. One of the features of these pilots was to explore how the one-to-one model was implemented through sharing. This was possible because in some of the schools, students attend at different times of the day in order to maximize use of the school infrastructure. This allows the same laptops used by students at school in the morning to be used by those attending in the afternoon.

The second phase is a larger-scale implementation of 150,000 LCCDs to 10 elementary schools in each of Brazil’s 27 states, as well as five municipalities. The government issued a tender in December 2007, but it was subsequently cancelled because the government considered the LCCD prices submitted by bidders too high in comparison with prices in other countries. The higher LCCD costs actually stemmed from taxes imposed on LCCDs in Brazil, which added up to 71 per cent (60 per cent for customs duty and 11 per cent for a social tax). These taxes were much higher than in many countries and therefore significantly increased the price of the LCCD. 179 The tender eventually was reissued in 2008, and an Indian-manufactured LCCD, the Mobilis, was the winner. The ultimate outcome of the pilot is unclear, as development of the Mobilis devices appears to have ceased.

Brazil's local governments are co-funding the project. The federal government is responsible for covering the cost of the LCCDs and local governments are covering the costs of school infrastructure (e.g., provision of electricity), as well as the training and content costs. Teacher training is implemented through a network of partners, including universities.

Figure 5-1: Brazil One Computer per Student Phase 1 deployments

  • INTEL CLASSMATE

Palmas-TO
Colégio Estadual Dom Alano Maire Du Noday
Quantity: 400
Feature: share in different shifts

Piraí-RJ
CIEP No477 Prof Rosa Conceição Guedes
Quantity: 400
Feature: 1:1

  • ENCORE MOBILIS

Brasilia-DF
Centro de Ensino Fundamental No 1 do Planalto
Quantity: 40
Feature: share in 3 different shifts

  • OLPC XO

Sao Paulo
Escola Municipal Ens. Fund. Emani Silva Bruno
Quantity: 365
Feature: share in 3 different shifts

Porto Alegre
Escola Estadual Luciana de Abreu
Quantitiy: 395
Feautre: 1:1

Source: One Laptop Per Child Meeting – OLPC. MIT Media Laboratory, Cambridge, Massachusetts, May 20-23, 2008

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