Spectrum is a scarce resource and, depending on the frequency and market conditions, a licence can be highly costly to obtain. Therefore, governments might allocate some portion of radio spectrum for educational broadband service, ensuring that schools can benefit from wireless communications.
In the United States, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) first allocated spectrum in the 2500-2690 MHz band to education in 1963 for broadcasting of instructional material.121 The FCC restructured the programme in 2004, allowing educational institutions to use this spectrum for so-called Educational Broadband Services (EBS), in addition to broadcast transmissions.
121 Federal Communications Commission, see, In the Matter of Amendment of Parts 1, 21, 73, 74 and 101 of the Commission’s Rules to Facilitate the Provision of Fixed and Mobile Broadband Access, Educational and Other Advanced Services in the 2150-2162 and 2500-2690 MHz Bands, WT Docket No. 03-66 at 9 (Rel. Apr. 2006), available at http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-06-46A1.pdf .