3.1 Persons with physical disabilities and motor impairments

Physical disabilities and motor impairments may result from traumatic injuries, such as spinal cord damage, or the loss of limbs due to diseases and congenital conditions such as Cerebral Palsy, arthritis or Parkinson’s disease. A range of issues should be considered to enable access for people with physical disabilities and motor impairments to a computer in a learning environment. These include (but are not limited to) the correct type of assistive technology, as well as the accessibility of the workstation and the building.

For some users, using a standard keyboard and mouse is possible, but due to tremor or low fine motor skills, default settings on the computer need to be adjusted to avoid continual errors. For other individuals, an alternative pointing or input device, such as a roller ball or switch, may be required. Users who are unable to access a keyboard using their hands or arms but have good head, neck and upper torso control may be able to type on the keyboard using a mouthstick or head/chin pointer.