2.1 Statistics on children with disabilities receiving education

There are very few statistical studies that can point to the number of children with disabilities who receive education. Recent reports, such as the Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2010,41 show modest improvements in some countries over some previous reports.42 UNESCO has conducted significant research into the plight of children with disabilities in developing countries. It reports that exclusion from education “is particularly more serious among persons with disabilities, of whom approximately 97 per cent do not have the basic reading and writing skills.”43 Literacy rates are as low as 1 per cent for women with disabilities.44 In its briefing paper on “Children out of School,” UNESCO states that most children with disabilities in developing countries are not attending school, and there is “no inclusion of those with physical, emotional or learning impairments within the education system.”45

41http://www.unesco.org/en/efareport

42A 2004 report for the World Bank stated that “estimates of the percent of disabled children and youth who attend school in developing countries range from less than 1% (Salamanca Framework for Action) to 5% (Habibi 1999)”. Peters, S, 2004. “Inclusive Education: An EFA Strategy for all children”. Available at http://siteresources.worldbank.org/EDUCATION/Resources/278200-1099079877269/547664-1099079993288/InclusiveEdu_efa_strategy_for_children.pdf
One estimate from China suggests that “there are 8 million disabled children while special schools cater for approximately 130,000” Watkins, K (2000), The OXFAM Education Report. OXFAM. OXFORD cited in UNESCO Children out of School

43UNESCO 2008 “UNESCO 48th International Conference on Education” page 30, available at http://www.ibe.unesco.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Policy_Dialogue/48th_ICE/ICE_FINAL_REPORT_eng.pdf

44http://www.un.org/disabilities/default.asp?navid=37&pid=1514

45UNESCO “Children out of School”, available at http://www.unesco.org/education/efa/global_co/policy_group/children_out_of_school.pdf