3.3.1.4 Technological Research

The characteristics of rural areas require the development of systems and specific equipment, incentives for research, development of local capacity for innovation of equipment and networks, and the creation of commercial opportunities for the provision of services in these areas. All of those actions stimulate the creation of equipment that meets local needs.

The technology developed for remote areas must possess at least the following features:

  • Cost-effective
  • Accessible
  • Robust
  • Scalable
  • Capable of accepting the applications considered relevant.

An example of the development of technologies suitable for specific conditions is the CorDECT system developed in India, which is capable of operating at 55°C. This avoids additional requirements such as air-conditioning. It also requires only 1 kilowatt (KW) of total energy consumption. With these adaptations, CorDECT can simultaneously offer both voice and Internet access at 35/70 kbps to locations within a radius of 25 km.

Public policies for ICT development should be flexible, allowing the choice of technology to be made on a case-by-case basis. They should encourage participation by allowing needs to be shaped by whichever technology is to be adopted. Developers should build infrastructure for the deployment of networks in surrounding areas and/or those most difficult to access. They should share existing infrastructure within communities, and they should promote research and technological development for communication in remote areas.

Recommended reading: