3.2.1.2 Spectrum Management

Proper spectrum planning should reflect national priorities and international goals represented by the WSIS agreements and other documents. Indigenous peoples´ communication needs have to represent a top priority, which must be reflected in planning. As in the case of universal service, governmental provisions are varied and cater to national strategies. Some countries like Argentina, in the case of Indigenous communications broadcasting, have reserved areas of the spectrum for Indigenous radio and television.

Another important aspect in spectrum planning is ensuring availability of frequencies for communication in remote areas. In Nepal, the transition from a highly restrictive monarchy resulted in the availability of greater incentives and freedoms. This led to the granting of licenses in the 2.4 GHz and 5.8 GHz bands. Licenses were given for VSAT and ISP services in rural areas, at a nominal cost of about USD 2 per year. All charges for voice over IP (PC-to-PC and IP-to-IP3) were eliminated. All of these actions culminated in facilitating the deployment of communication in rural areas.

In the same fashion, in Africa, countries like Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Ghana, Ivory Coast, and Nigeria have adopted regulatory measures to facilitate VSAT communication, allowing more widespread rural communication at more accessible costs.

The element of establishing enabling regulation through appropriate spectrum management helps to promote community access centers located in schools. Proper spectrum management ensures the availability of frequencies for centers' connectivity and for the evolution towards more advanced communication systems or means of communication that can be developed by the communities themselves.
 

3 Case Study: Study Question 10-2/2 ID227