2.2.3 The World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS).

The WSIS took place in two phases between 2003 and 2005, as a joint effort of the United Nations and ITU. Governments and world leaders made a strong commitment to bridge the digital divide with respect to ICT access at a global level, with specific regard to telecommunications and the Internet.

The WSIS identified a need to promote the development goals included in the United Nations Millennium Declaration and the Declaration on Human Rights, through ensuring universal access to ICTs and the sharing of knowledge and information with underprivileged peoples. Action plans and policy proposals have resulted in an attempt to reduce such inequalities.

With regard to Indigenous peoples, the WSIS set targets that sought to connect all villages to the Internet and to establish community access points. Additionally, it drew attention to the fact that these targets have to respect the cultural heritage of each community. WSIS documents can be found at: