2.2.1 Convention 169

Convention 169 concerning Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries, of the International Labor Organization (ILO) was signed in 1989, and was the first document that acknowledged Indigenous rights. It guarantees the members of these populations the equal enjoyment of rights and opportunities that the national legislation gives other members of the population, in order to protect their social and cultural identity, their customs and traditions, and their institutions. One quarter of the Convention is dedicated to education and Indigenous means of communication as key strategies for development. It can be found at: