2.1.1.2 North America

More than 3 million Indigenous peoples live in the USA and Canada. The Canadian government identifies more than 1 million people as “aboriginal peoples,” representing 3.6 per cent of the population, the majority of whom live in reservations. In the United States, there are 335 recognized tribes (not counting those in Alaska). Some 2 million people declare themselves exclusively Indigenous, and another 4 million consider themselves a combination of different ethnic groups. Among these populations, life expectancy is lower than the national average, and poverty rates are higher than among average citizens. One serious problem is the large number of young Indigenous people who commit suicide.