2 Who are the Indigenous peoples?

According to Convention 169 of the International Labor Organization (ILO) concerning Indigenous and tribal peoples in independent countries, Indigenous peoples are the heirs of original peoples. They “descend from populations that inhabited a geographical region at the time of the conquest or colonization or during the establishment of current state borders and that, whatever their legal status, preserve all their social, economic, cultural and political institutions, or part of them.” This section of the toolkit explores the unique nature of Indigenous peoples and their ICT needs.